Who created the first Manga?

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You like to read, but you find reading novels tiresome. manga could be the solution for you. Apart from the hard work of the cartoonists, manga also plays an important role in language learning, as the drawings are expressive, if the words and terms used in the dialogues seem unfamiliar to you.

The manga could be a a source of inspiration for your childrenNot only in literature, but also in drawing. Discover the real technique for read manga in our other guide.

Together we will discover the history and artistic career of Katsushika Hokusaithe first creator of manga. In what fields did he achieve recognition, and where did he get his success? Finally, let's talk about the top three masterpieces that made him famous both abroad and in his native Japan.

Image illustrating Manga characters

Biography and artistic career of Katsushika Hokusai: the creator of manga

Biography of Hokusai

Katsushika Hokusai, born around October 31, 1760, and died on May 10, 1849, was a painter and sculptor. Japanese artist famous for his work in the ukiyo-e genre of woodcuts and paintings. Born of unknown parents, he was adopted by the craftsman in charge of making mirrors at the shogun's court at the age of 3 or 4. It was during this period that Hokusai began to take an interest in drawing and painting.

He was a Japanese painter, draughtsman and engraver in the XVIIIᵉ century, specializing in ukiyo-e, which is none other than a Japanese artistic movement of the Edo period (1603-1868), comprising not only original folk and narrative painting, but above all Japanese woodcut prints. It is also a author of popular writings.

His various works

There are 267 works of art in all. Among his works, it was the Great Wave off Kanagawa series, the Japanese ClearMorning print, and the erotic Dream of the Fisherman's Wife print that ensured his fame in Japan and abroad. His other important and certainly remarkable works have earned him widespread recognition and a reputation in Japan and abroad. great success through his series and several prints:

The Great Wave print off the coast of Kanagawa

The Great Wave off Kanagawa was discovered by Europe in the second half of the XIXᵉ century, and has influenced many painters and some poets, including the famous French composer Claude Debussy, who drew his inspiration from it. source of inspiration to compose the sea in its own right, through this print designed by Katsushika Hokusai.

The ClearMorning Japanese print

This is a famous Japanese print by the ukiyo-e artist Hokusai in 1832. It is known as the Fuji red which means cool wind on a clear Fuji red morning.

The erotic print of the dream of the fisherman's wife

The Dream of the Fisherman's Wife is the name generally given to a erotic print by Hokusai, which opened the collection Kinoe no Komatsu published in 1814. In Japan, it is known as L'Ama et le Poulpe, the name generally given to an untitled erotic print by Hokusai.

The birth of manga

The manga appeared in 1814It was during this period that Hokusai Katsushika produced a series of sketches of scenes of everyday life on stories derisory defining "manga" in Japanese.

In 1902The first publication of modern manga was by Kitazawa Rakuten, with typewritten text and four frames per page. By 1920, monthly magazines were publishing manga aimed first at boys (Shônen Club), girls (Shôjo Club) and then young adults (Yônen Club). But the Second World War interrupted the rise of the manga phenomenon. With a few changes to the image, and work on the blocks, success came immediately in 1947.

 

Katsushika Hokusai offered the West a gateway to Japanese art. Is manga one of your favorite forms of entertainment? In any case, these works have not finished surprising us. Discover the type of manga shojo to expand your library.

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